都可以在這裡找到解決的方法!!

http://goo.gl/di9JxV

中國時報【陳柏廷╱綜合報導】

大陸郵輪「東方之星」沉船意外,究竟是天災抑或人禍,各方說法眾說紛紜。儘管事發當晚或發生12級以上龍捲風,不過,「東方之星」10多年前曾進行船體改造,從原有「平底船」改成「尖頭船」,取消兩舷走廊;沉船前一刻,也沒有發出任何求救訊號。

出事前1個小時,「東方之星」曾在3分鐘內快速完成180度掉頭,有35年經驗的船長張順文以及輪機長楊忠權疑操作船隻失當,讓受害者家屬質疑。目前2人皆遭大陸公安控制。

有大陸航運業人士表明,出現極端天氣時,船員應急處理很重要,需將船頭對準迎風面以防翻覆,不過內河客輪公司船員待遇差、缺乏培訓,從船隻運行軌跡來看,船長操作失當的可能性很高。

還有外界指責,張順文及楊忠權不顧乘客逃生,涉及瀆職,上海海事大學教授、上海海事司法鑒定中心負責人蔡存強稱,是否瀆職要視情況而定,若時間不緊急,不顧乘客逃生,肯定有責任;不過,船隻突遭龍捲風,一兩分鐘內就翻覆,船長根本來不及應變,就很難說有失職。

「船體改造」也是外界質疑焦點。重慶東方輪船公司副總經理王建華坦承,「東方之星」曾在1997年進行船體大改造,將船體從原來「平頭船」,改成現在「尖頭船」;船體兩側通道也全數封閉,改建成獨立房間;船隻高度從原來2公尺增加為2.2公尺。

「就像一棵樹,根淺樹葉大,自然容易傾覆」,上海海事大學商船學院院長蕭英杰指出,東方之星上層建築太高,受風面積大,而受風面積越大,就越容易翻覆。「東方之星」取消兩舷走廊,增加客房床位等作法,會造成應急逃生方式變化;客房設備更靠兩舷外側,加劇橫搖效應。

至於出事前一刻,「東方之星」為何沒有發出求救訊號,導致延後救援多達2個多小時。蔡存強稱,東方之星應沒有安裝應急無線電示位標(VHF),無法即時求救。

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A crane is positioned near a capsized ship on the Yangtze River in Jianli in central China's Hubei province Tuesday June 2, 2015. Divers on Tuesday pulled three people alive from inside an overturned ... 較多A crane is positioned near a capsized ship on the Yangtze River in Jianli in central China's Hubei province Tuesday June 2, 2015. Divers on Tuesday pulled three people alive from inside an overturned cruise ship and searched for other survivors, state media said, giving some small hope to an apparently massive tragedy with well over 400 people still missing on the Yangtze River. (Chinatopix Via AP) CHINA OUT 較少











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2015年6月2日週二 台北標準時間下午9時45分





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